IMPORT PROCESS, A Professional Guide On Importation!


Import process

In the world of freight, it’s either one is sending or at the receiving end, and as we dive into importation, which we know is the act of planning and execution by which dealers or consignees engage in shipments (bringing-in) of goods either on a regular basis or periodical. While in a bid to focus on how this happens, it will be fair to say that one will be able to differentiate importation processes from export logistics at the end of the day.

It’s evident the process of bringing goods into a country requires due process, whereby individuals or organizations that have placed an order to import certain goods are often required to deliver with the aid of their ‘import permit or ‘international passport’, which is deployed on the basis of ‘personal effects’, yet, goods are equally imported into countries as ‘diplomatic goods’ as each of these will be discussed subsequently.

To serve us better as well proceed, it will be nice for us to address this even as we start with air freight importation.

Since we’ve already had an overview of the export process, this means that some of the deployable measures would not be stated here, yet all will be simplified.

There are factors to be considered before taking a step to import goods, though quite similar to export logistics. However, while we approach things differently unlike measures deployed in our previous posts, therefore, it’s necessary we try to avoid multiple repetitions.

•          Identify goods to be imported (considering its form or mode of import)

•          Establish contact with manufacturers or exporters of such goods, and equally with local buyers

•          Obtain a license to import goods (Import permit)

•          Determine the best form the goods could be imported (containerized, un-containerized, or less than container load)

•          Understand its logistics (planning and execution)

•          Commercial documentation of such goods

•          Accessing the central bank through a commercial bank, on the basis of foreign trade transaction

•          Shipping line or company coupled with customs process.


Firstly, identify your choice or area of importation, bearing in mind why those goods should be imported via air freight. The nature, volume, and weight with respect to its economic importance are vital factors to be noted here, and more importantly, why some goods must not spend more than stipulated time on transit.

Note; contacts must be established with manufacturers or exporters of these goods, coupled with your local demand survey.  

At this point, individuals willing to import goods from other countries on a regular basis would require legal documents from the federal government of that country in line with their business.

This license obtained or issued for a regular importation of goods comes in a different form, typically is the ‘import permit’ license. This is purely a legal document that serves as a license to import goods on a regular basis but excludes the categories of goods imported in form of ‘personal effects’ or ‘diplomatic goods’.

Once you have purchased the goods, all you need to do is to contact a shipping company on the ground of air freight service. Bearing in mind that your import permit which is your legal license will also be required by the authorities for the processes of the importation of the goods.

But if the items are to be imported into the country in form of personal effects, like the case of citizens returnee, then the consignee’s international passport will be required instead, while on the other hand, diplomatic goods importation practically require express authorization from the federal government.

Once the required licenses are in place and the consignee has taken the right step to procure the goods, the next step is to reach to a shipping company for its carriage, the same company is expected to issue the airway bill coupled with the freight advice that will be billed the consignee or the freight forwarder. And as soon as the payments have been made and the shipper has confirmed that the whole process has been completed, make sure all paper works are correct.

Note; when the importation of the goods is effected through a commercial bank, this means the consignee would have to open a ‘Form M’ which will require the goods packing list and commercial invoice in creating its ‘Pre-annual assessment report’ (PAAR) via the customs platform.

With all in place, meet with customs shipping company’s requirements, then proceed with the goods delivery process and you’re done.

•          I hope this article really helped you with – import process about air freight?